1759 – The French were defeated by the British on the Plains of Abraham in the final French and Indian War.
1898 – Hannibal Williston Goodwin patented celluloid photographic film, which is used to make movies.
1922 – In El Azizia, Libya, the highest shade temperature was recorded at 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit.
1935 – Aviator Howard Hughes, Jr., of Houston, set a new airspeed record of 352 mph with his H-1 airplane , Winged Bullet.(Image: Wikipedia)
1948 – Margaret Chase Smith was elected to the U.S Senate and became the first woman to serve in both houses of the U.S. Congress.
1949 – The Ladies Professional Golf Association of America was formed.
1959 – The Soviet Union’s Luna 2 became the first space probe to reach the moon. It was launched the day before.
1960 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission banned payola.
1965 – The song “Yesterday/Act Naturally” was released by the Beatles.
1970 – The first New York City Marathon took place. Fireman Gary Muhrucke won the race.
1971 – The World Hockey Association was formed.
1977 – The first diesel automobiles were introduced by General Motors.
1993 – “Late Night with Conan O’Brien” premiered on NBC.
1997 – Elton John’s single “Candle in the Wind 1997” was released in the U.K.
2001 – U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell named Osama bin Laden as the prime suspect in the terror attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001. Limited commercial flights resumed in the U.S. for the first time in two days.