1609 – Explorer Henry Hudson sailed into New York harbour and discovered Manhattan Island and the Hudson River.
1777 – While American forces, under General George Washington, were forced to retreat at the Battle of Brandywine Creek against the British, the Stars and Stripes (American flag) were carried for the first time in the battle.
1883 – The mail chute was patented by James Cutler. The new device was first used in the Elwood Building in Rochester, New York.
1910 – In Hollywood, the first commercially successful electric bus line opened.
1936 – Boulder Dam in Nevada was dedicated by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt by turning on the dam’s first hydroelectric generator. The dam is now called Hoover Dam.
1951 – Florence Chadwick became the first woman to swim the English Channel from both directions.
1952 – Dr. Charles Hufnagel successfully replaced a diseased aorta valve with an artificial valve made of plastic.
1954 – The Miss America beauty pageant made its network TV debut on ABC. Miss California, Lee Ann Meriwether, was the winner.
1967 – The Beatles’ “Magical Mystery Tour” bus began cruising the English countryside.
1967 – “The Carol Burnett Show” premiered on CBS.
1970 – The last “Get Smart” episode aired on CBS-TV.
1974 – “Little House On The Prairie” made its television debut.
1974 – The St. Louis Cardinals and the New York Mets set a National League record when they played 25 innings. It was the second longest game in professional baseball history.
1977 – The Atari 2600 was released. It was originally sold as the Atari VCS. The system was discontinued, January 1st, 1992.
1977 – David Bowie and Bing Crosby recorded a duet version of “The Little Drummer Boy”.
1997 – Scotland voted to create its own Parliament after 290 years of union with England.
2001 – In the U.S., four airliners were hijacked and were intentionally crashed. Two airliners hit the World Trade Center, which collapsed shortly after, in New York City. One airliner hit the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. Another airliner crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. About 3,000 people were killed. (Image: Business Insider)