1881 – David Henderson Houston patented the first roll film for cameras.
1899 – The Boer War began in South Africa between the British and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State.
1929 – JCPenney opened a store in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 states.
1932 – In New York, the first telecast of a political campaign was aired.
1939 – U.S President Roosevelt was presented with a letter from Albert Einstein that urged him to develop the U.S. atomic program rapidly.
1958 – Pioneer 1, a lunar probe, was launched by the U.S. The probe did not reach its destination and fell back to Earth and burned up in the atmosphere.
1968 – Apollo 7 was launched by the U.S. The first manned Apollo mission was the first in which live television broadcasts were received from orbit. Wally Schirra, Don Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham were the astronauts aboard.
1971 – Hugh Downs left the “Today”” show and “Concentration”. He later became the host of ABC’s “20/20”.
1975 – “Saturday Night Live” was broadcast for the first time. George Carlin was the guest host. (Image: Pinterest)
1983 – The last hand-cranked telephones in the U.S. the 440 telephone customers of Bryant Pond, Maine were switched to direct-dial service.