1812 – Napoleon’s invasion of Russia began.
1839 – Abner Doubleday created the game of baseball, according to the legend.
1897 – Carl Elsener patented his penknife. The object later became known as the Swiss army knife.
1923 – Harry Houdini, while suspended upside down 40 feet above the ground, escaped from a strait jacket.
1935 – U.S. Senator Huey Long of Louisiana made the longest speech on Senate record. The speech took 15 1/2 hours and was filled by 150,000 words.
1939 – The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.
1965 – The Beatles received their MBE (Most Excellent Order of the British Empire) awards.
1981 – Major league baseball players began a 49 day strike. The issue was free-agent compensation.
1981 – “Raiders of the Lost Ark” opened in the U.S.
1987 – U.S President Reagan publicly challenged Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
1989 – Graceland opened the Elvis Presley Autoland Museum, which contains over 20 cars owned by Presley. (Image: Moody Blue)
1991 – The Chicago Bulls won their first NBA championship. The Bulls beat the Los Angeles Lakers four games to one.
1997 – Interleague play began in baseball, ending a 126-year tradition of separating the major leagues until the World Series.
2003 – In Arkansas, Terry Wallis spoke for the first time in nearly 19 years. Wallis had been in a coma since July 13, 1984, after being injured in a car accident.
2009 – In the U.S., The switch from analog TV transmission to digital was completed.