1814 – U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior British force at Chippewa, Canada.
1865 – William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.
1865 – The U.S. Secret Service Division was created to combat currency counterfeiting, forging and the altering of currency and securities.
1892 – Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.
1916 – Adelina and August Van Buren started on the first successful transcontinental motorcycle tour to be attempted by two women. They started in New York City and arrived in San Diego, California, on September 12th, 1916.
1935 – U.S President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act into law which authorized labour to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.
1946 – The bikini bathing suit, created by Louis Reard, made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. (Image: Globe and Mail)
1947 – Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
1948 – Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care.
1950 – U.S. forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea.
1954 – Elvis Presley’s first commercial recording session took place in Memphis, Tennessee. He recorded “That’s All Right (Mama)” and “Blue Moon of Kentucky”.
1975 – Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title when he defeated Jimmy Connors.
1998 – Japan joined U.S. and Russia in space exploration with the launching of the Planet-B probe to Mars.
(Source: On This Day)