1804 – Napoleon was crowned emperor of France at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.
1823 – U.S. President James Monroe outlined his doctrine opposing European expansion in the Western Hemisphere.
1901 – Gillette patented the KC Gillette Razor. It was first razor to feature a permanent handle and disposable double-edge razor blades.
1927 – The Ford Motor Company unveiled the Model A automobile. It was the successor to the Model T. (Image: Wikipedia)
1954 – The U.S. Senate voted to condemn Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy for what it called “conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonour and disrepute.” The censure was related to McCarthy’s controversial investigation of suspected communists in the U.S. government, military and civilian society.
1961 – Cuban leader Fidel Castro declared in a nationally broadcast speech that he was a Marxist-Leninist and that he was going to lead Cuba to communism.
1969 – The Boeing 747 jumbo jet got its first public preview as 191 people flew from Seattle, Washington to New York City, New York. Most of the passengers were reporters and photographers.
1982 – Doctors at the University of Utah implanted a permanent artificial heart in the chest of retired dentist Barney Clark. He lived 112 days with the device. The operation was the first of its kind.
1970 – The Environmental Protection Agency began operations.
1990 – Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s coalition won the first free all-German elections since 1932.