1851 – Isaac Singer was issued a patent on the double-headed sewing machine.
1865 – Disinfectant was used for the first time during surgery by Joseph Lister.
1877 – Thomas Edison invented the phonograph and made the first sound recording.
1939 – “The Wizard of Oz” premiered in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. Judy Garland became famous for the movie’s song “Somewhere Over the Rainbow”. The movie premiered in Hollywood, August 15th. (Image: IMDb)
1960 – The Silver Beetles recruited drummer Pete Best.
1964 – Mickey Mantle set a major league baseball record when he hit home runs from both the left and ride sides of the plate in the same game.
1966 – John Lennon apologized at a news conference in Chicago, Illinois for his remark that “the Beatles are more popular than Jesus”.
1981 – IBM unveiled its first PC.
1994 – Major league baseball players went on strike rather than allow team owners to limit their salaries. The strike lasted for 232 days. As a result, the World Series was wiped out for the first time in 90 years.
1998 – Swiss banks agreed to pay $1.25 billion as restitution to World War II Holocaust victims.
(Sources: On-This-Day, IMDb)