1513 – The Pacific Ocean was discovered by Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa when he crossed the Isthmus of Panama as he was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.
1789 – The first U.S. Congress adopted 12 amendments to the Constitution. Ten of the amendments became the Bill of Rights.
1882 – The first major league double header was played. It was between the Worcester and Providence teams.
1954 – Elvis Presley appeared live on “Grand Ole Opry” and performed “Blue Moon of Kentucky”.
1956 – A transatlantic telephone-cable system began operation between Newfoundland and Scotland.
1957 – 300 U.S. Army troops stood guard as nine black students were escorted to class at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The children had been forced to withdraw 2 days earlier because of unruly white mobs. (theguardian.com with Elizabeth Eckford)
1964 – Brian Epstein, the Beatles’ manager, turned down an offer of 3 1/2 million pound offer to sell his management contract.
1965 – The half hour Saturday morning cartoon “The Beatles” premiered on ABC-TV. The show ran until September 7th, 1969.
1965 – Willie Mays, at the age of 34, became the oldest man to hit 50 home runs in a single season. He had also set the record for the youngest to hit 50 ten years earlier.
1967 – The Beatles began recording “Fool On The Hill” in London at Abbey Road Studios.
1975 – Jackie Wilson collapsed while performing “Lonely Teardrops” at the Latino Casino in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. He had suffered a heart attack that caused brain damage. He was 41 years old. He died in 1984 after spending the rest of his life in hospitals.
1992 – The Mars Observer blasted off on a mission that cost $980 million. The probe has not been heard from since it reached Mars in August of 1993.
1992 – In Orlando, Florida, a judge ruled in favor of 12-year-old Gregory Kingsley. He had sought a divorce from his biological parents.
1995 – Ross Perot announced that he would form the Independence Party.