1836 – Charles Darwin returned to England after 5 years of acquiring knowledge around the world about fauna, flora, wildlife and geology. He used the information to develop his “theory of evolution” which he unveiled in his 1859 book entitled The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
1869 – Mahatma (Mohandas) K Gandhi was born. He was known for his advocacy of non-violent resistance to fight tyranny.
1870 – Rome was made the capital of Italy.
1920 – The Cincinnati Reds and the Pittsburgh Pirates played the only triple-header in baseball history. The Reds won 2 of the 3 games.
1925 – Scottish inventor John Logie Baird completed the first transmission of moving images.
1948 – The first automobile race to use asphalt, cement and dirt roads took place in Watkins Glen in New York. It was the first road race in the U.S. following World War II.
1950 – “Peanuts”, the comic strip created by Charles M. Schulz, was published for the first time in seven newspapers.
1955 – “Alfred Hitchcock Presents” debuted on CBS-TV.
1959 – “The Twilight Zone” debuted on CBS-TV with host Rod Serling. The show ran for 5 years for a total of 154 episodes. (Image: lostpedia.com)
1967 – Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American member of the U.S. Supreme Court.
2001 – NATO, for the first time, invoked a treaty clause that stated that an attack on one member is an attack on all members. The act was in response to the September 11th, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States.