1492 – Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer, sighted Watling Island in the Bahamas. He believed that he had found Asia while attempting to find a Western ocean route to India. The same day he claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain.
1810 – Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig married Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen. The royalty invited the public to attend the event which became an annual celebration that later became known as Oktoberfest.
1915 – Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt criticized U.S. citizens who identified themselves by dual nationalities.
1920 – Construction of the Holland Tunnel began. It opened on November 13, 1927. The tunnel links Jersey City, New Jersey and New York City, New York.
1938 – Production began on “The Wizard of Oz”.
1957 – Little Richard tossed four diamond rings into the Hunter River in Sydney, Australia, to prove that he was giving up rock-n-roll for his faith in God. He returned to music five years later.
1960 – Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev pounded a shoe on his desk during a dispute at a U.N. General Assembly.
1964 – The Soviet Union launched Voskhod 1 into orbit around the Earth. It was the first space flight to have a multi-person crew and the first flight to be performed without space suits.
1968 – John Sebastian left the band Lovin’ Spoonful to start his solo career.
1969 – The “Paul is Dead” craze began when a radio DJ played “Revolution #9” backwards.
1971 – Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice’s “Jesus Christ Superstar” debuted on Broadway.
1989 – The U.S. House of Representatives approved a statutory federal ban on the destruction of the American flag.
1997 – John Denver was killed when the plane he was piloting crashed into Monterey Bay, California. He was 53 years old. (Image: allmusic.com)