1543 – England’s King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.
1862 – The U.S. Congress authorized the Medal of Honor.
1870 – The first rotary can opener with a cutting wheel was patented by William W. Lyman.
1931 – A major league baseball record for doubles was set as the St. Louis Cardinals and the Chicago Cubs combined for a total of 23.
1954 – Elvis Presley signed his first recording contract and quit his job as a truck driver. The contract was with Sun Records.
1957 – The U.S. surgeon general, Leroy E. Burney, reported that there was a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
1959 – Alan Freed began a 13 week Rock & Roll show on ABC-TV.
1960 – Manufacturing began for the Etch A Sketch®. (Image: pikajane.deviantart.com)
1974 – John Ehrlichman, a former aide to U.S. President Nixon, and three others were convicted of conspiring to violate the civil rights of Daniel Ellsberg’s former psychiatrist.
1982 – “E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial” broke all box-office records by surpassing the $100-million mark of ticket sales in the first 31 days of its opening.
1982 – The last of the distinctive-looking Checker taxicabs rolled off the assembly line in Kalamazoo, Michigan.
1984 – Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale named U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running mate. Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major party ticket.