1521 – The Diet of Worms began, at which Protestant reformer Luther was declared an outlaw by the Roman Catholic church.
1547 – England’s King Henry VIII died. He was succeeded by his 9 year-old son, Edward VI.
1788 – The first British penal settlement was founded at Botany Bay.
1807 – London’s Pall Mall became the first street lit by gaslight.
1878 – The first telephone switchboard was installed in New Haven, Connecticut.
1909 – The United States ended direct control over Cuba.
1915 – The Coast Guard was created by an act of the U.S. Congress to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.
1973 – CBS-TV debuted “Barnaby Jones” with Buddy Ebsen.
1980 – Six Americans who had fled the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, left Iran using false Canadian diplomatic passports. The Americans had been hidden at the Canadian embassy in Tehran.
1986 – The U.S. space shuttle Challenger exploded just after takeoff. All seven of its crewmembers were killed. (Image: wikipedia.org)
1996 – Diana Ross performed as the featured halftime performer at Super Bowl XXX in Tempe, Arizona.
1999 – Ford Motor Company announced the purchase of Sweden’s Volvo AB for $6.45 billion.