1774 – Austria became the first nation to introduce a state education system.
1865 – The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The amendment abolished slavery in the U.S.
1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrated the first gramophone, with a recording of himself reciting Mary Had a Little Lamb.
1883 – “Ladies’ Home Journal” was published for the first time.
1884 – The construction of the Washington Monument was completed by Army engineers. The project took 34 years.
1907 – In Monongah, west Virginia, 361 people were killed in America’s worst mine disaster.
1917 – More than 1,600 people died when two munitions ships collided in the harbour at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1923 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge became the first president to give a presidential address that was broadcast on radio.
1926 – In Italy, Benito Mussolini introduced a tax on bachelors.
1947 – Everglades National Park in Florida was dedicated by U.S. President Truman.
1957 – America’s first attempt at putting a satellite into orbit failed when the satellite blew up on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
1960 – Gene Autry and Bob Reynolds were granted the Los Angeles Angels baseball franchise by the American League.
1989 – The worst mass shooting in Canadian history occurred when a man gunned down 14 women at the University of Montreal’s school of engineering. The man then killed himself. (Image: wikipedia.org as fourteen light beams representing the 14 victims shine from Mount Royal)