1792 – King Louis XVI was taken into custody by mobs during the French Revolution. He was executed the following January after being put on trial for treason.
1846 – The Smithsonian Institution was chartered by the U.S. Congress. The “Nation’s Attic” was made possible by $500,000 given by scientist Joseph Smithson.
1859 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first milk inspectors were appointed.
1869 – The motion picture projector was patented by O.B. Brown.
1885 – The first electric streetcar, to be used commercially, was operated in Baltimore, Maryland by Leo Daft.
1927 – Mount Rushmore was formally dedicated. The individual faces of the presidents were dedicated later.
1945 – The day after the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan announced they would surrender. The only condition was that the status of Emperor Hirohito would remain unchanged.
1947 – William Odom completed an around-the-world flight. He set the solo record by completing the flight in 73 hours and 5 minutes.
1948 – On ABC, “Candid Camera” made its TV debut. The original title was “Candid Microphone”.
1954 – Construction began on the St. Lawrence Seaway.
1973 – Arnold Palmer did not make the cut for the final two rounds of the PGA Golf Championship. It was the first time in his career.
1981 – Pete Rose hit a single and broke the National League all-time hit record with his 3,631 hit.
2003 – Ekaterina Dmitriev and Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko were married. Malenchenko was about 240 miles above the earth in the international space station. It was the first-ever marriage from space. (Image: ljworld.com)
(Source: on-this day.com)